Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria Ariana (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Dragiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in the Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Termez, Afghanistan) - 328 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene / Alexandria on the Indus (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Wednesday, October 28, 2015

Cappadocia Guide by Turgay Tuna and Bülent Demirdurak

There are countless books and picture books about Cappadocia, but I found it difficult to get a practical or handy guide with clear overviews. This Cappadocia Guide by Turgay Tuna and Bülent Demirdurak (ISBN 978-6055488055), however, is exactly what I was looking for.

The book is starting with a distinctive topography of Cappadocia, without which the very site, now part of the UNESCO World Heritage, would not exist. Its role in history as “country of the beautiful horses” is then summarized and special attention is given to the monastic life in those protected valleys and to the many churches that were cut out the soft tuff walls.

The main part of this guide then takes the reader through the successive regions:
From Göreme to Avanos, with the Fairy Chimneys, the churches of Göreme, the underground cities, the Cappadocia “citadels” and caravanserais;
From Ürgüp (one of Cappadocia’s oldest settlements) to Soğanlı, including the antique city of Sobessos;
From Aksaray to Ihlara with Güzelyurt, the cradle of monastic life, and the magnificent canyon of the Ihlara Valley;
From Nevşehir (actually located at the very center of Cappadocia) to Hacibektaş.

The guide concludes with some extra information about Cappadocia’s rich fauna and flora, including useful details about the delicious Cappadocia wine.

Whether you visit the site on your own or on a guided tour, this book definitely helps to mentally place the huge amount of fresco’s from the many churches in their rightful context. It may not show on the picture but the guide is available in English.

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