Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Drangiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria on the Indus - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Friday, October 9, 2015

Amphipolis, a Heroon for Hephaistion?

With my deepest respect for all archeologists involved in the work at the Tomb of Amphipolis, I can’t help wondering how much of their comments are based on true facts or are mere speculations. Of course, they have to consider every possibility and examine each and every hint, but at this stage I personally feel that we have had enough speculations when it comes to dating the tomb or to identifying its occupants.

[Picture from the Ministerio de Cultura Grecia as published by Mediterraneo Antigo]

The latest headlines are made by three inscriptions in which the word parelavoni (received) is found next to the monogram of Hephaistion. This leads archeologists to believe that this very tomb could actually be a Heroon dedicated to the worship of Hephaistion. But then, as early as the 1970, other monograms have been found on the stone blocs scattered around the Lion of Amphipolis, all belonging to Macedonian and Thracian soldiers.

Both Andrew Chugg and Nicholas Saunders have expressed their reserve about this latest statement about Hephaistion as formulated in this article published by Mediterraneo Antiguo. Couldn’t we wait till we have more substantial elements on which to base our theories?

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