Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Drangiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria on the Indus - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Friday, January 9, 2015

From Agamemnon to Alexander the Great, Exhibition in North America

A brand new exhibition The Greeks – Agamemnon to Alexander the Great has started at the Montreal Archaeology and History Museum at Pointe-à-Callière, Canada (12 December 2014 – 26 April 2015). From here it will move to the Canadian Museum of History in Gatineau, Canada (5 June 2015 – 12 October 2015), followed by the Field Museum in Chicago, U.S.A. (26 November 2015 – 17 April, 2016) and end at the National Geographic Museum in Washington DC, U.S.A. (till 9 October 2016).



It is clear that this original exhibition spans over 5,000 years of Greek history, from the cradle of Western civilization up to the fascinating era of Alexander the Great. On display are more than five hundred artifacts, collected from twenty-one different Greek museums.

This exhibition is divided into six specific periods of time to meet famous men who fashioned Greece, like Homer, Leonidas of Sparta, Plato, King Philip II of Macedonia, Aristotle, and of course Alexander the Great. Our heritage is still felt in our politics, philosophy, arts, architecture, mathematics, medicine and sports, and this exhibition just proves it.

Starting as early as 6,000 BC, they quickly move to the legendary players of the Trojan War, with Agamemnon sailing to Troy to recapture beautiful Helen that is residing with Prince Paris. A war that lasted for nearly twelve years involved much more than a girl – even a princess. Attention is given to the early discoveries by Heinrich Schliemann of the treasures of Troy and the Royal Tombs of Mycenae.

The visitor is then taken to the days of Alexander the Great, who succeeded his father, King Philip II of Macedonia at the age of twenty. By conquering most of the world as it was known then, he turned that world into an entirely new one with new ideas and new fashions. His legacy is still being felt today, 2,500 years later.

About twelve centuries separate Agamemnon and Alexander, and in between Greece knew its Golden Age in which Pericles “invented” democracy, a democracy by the people and for the people. During the fifth and fourth centuries BC, Greece and Athens in particular, saw their first great philosophers, while theatre and arts, in general, flourished to an unknown level. The exhibition also makes room for the Olympic Games that were founded in 776 BC and that attracted athletes from all over Greece to compete every four years.

Some exceptional pieces have left Greece for the first time and constitute highlights at this exhibition. Among them are gold offerings from the Tombs of Mycenae, including the famous mask attributed to Agamemnon; a typical figurine from the Cycladic island of Amorgos dated to 3,000 BC; a superb Minoan ritual vase from Crete; bronze helmets and gold funerary masks from Boeotia; and, a very illustrative funerary vase from Delos showing how Achilles avenged the death of his friend Patroclus. The scene would not be complete without a statue of Homer and other famous historic figures, a convincing votive relief of Asclepius with his staff around which a snake is coiled (an emblem still used in medicine today), and finally a marvellous gold wreath made of lifelike branches of myrtle, the symbol associated with Aphrodite.

The absolute topper, for me, is Alexander himself! Two statues of this great man have left Pella for the occasion: Alexander represented as Pan and the Head of the Young Alexander

[Pictures from the Montreal Museum of Archaeology and History]

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