It is often said that Alexander should have married before leaving for
in order to secure his posterity, but this seems a rather simplistic way to
look at the succession problem his generals encountered at their king’s
Remains the matter of succession upon Alexander’s death. The boy would have been made king alright and the Successors had one worry less, but who would rule in his name pending his coming of age? Since he presumably lived in Pella, it seems obvious that his mother or Antipater would rule in his name. Can we eliminate the interference of powerful Olympias? I’m afraid not.
So how could east meet west in this case? Even in the event that the army truly accepted the regency by the boy’s mother, I fail to see how she could have commanded that group of weathered generals in
Asia. Even highly skilled and seasoned Antipater,
who had not participated in any of his kings’ campaigns in Asia
and who had never been there either, had only a slim chance. Each of Alexander’s generals in Babylon
would stake his claim, meaning that the Succession War could not have been avoided
after all. It only might be shortened since young Alexander IV would have come of age in six years time or so.