Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Drangiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria on the Indus - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Saturday, April 23, 2016

Restitution of stolen artifacts

In these uncertain times where so many precious archaeological artifacts disappear – if not, are destroyed – it is a pleasure to hear that some tens of thousands antique relics of extraordinary quality are on their way back to their place of origin.


A British antique art dealer, Robin Symes, who had ties with Italian tomb raiders kept a storage unit at the Geneva Freeport warehouse complex in Switzerland where he stashed his huge collection of antiques. The forty-five crates contained precious objects looted in the 1970’s and 1980’s from places all over Italy: from Sicily, Puglia, Campania, and Calabria. The plan was to sell the objects illegally to clients in Japan, Germany, and others.

A coordinated action of Italian and Swiss police made it possible to recover these treasures, among which are several Etruscan painted sarcophagi, one Roman sarcophagus, many marble statues and heads, and floors and walls belonging to a temple. Generally, the objects date to between the 7th century BC and the 2nd century AD.

It is hopeful to see these precious artifacts retuning to Italy where they were recently presented to the press. After restoration, they will return to the regions from where they were stolen, but sadly they have been taken out of their context forever.

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