Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Dragiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum OR Termez, Afghanistan) - 328 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene / Alexandria on the Indus (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Tuesday, April 26, 2016

Pasargadae in the headlights

Although most people know about Persepolis and Pasargadae, there are only few who are aware that we owe their discovery to the German archaeologist Ernst Herzfeld. Pasargadae is the oldest capital of the Achaemenid Empire which Cyrus the Great founded when Medes and Persians came under his rule around 540 BC (see: Cyrus the Great who made Pasargadae the capital of Persia. Cyrus’ tomb is still commanding the view at the site of Pasargadae today (see: The gem of Pasargadae: the Tomb of Cyrus the Great).

[Picture of Cyrus' Tomb made by Herzfeld - from Smithsonian]

Herzfeld briefly surveyed the area as early as 1905, and returned in 1923 and 1928 for more extensive excavations. We owe him the very first map of the site and the labeling of the major structures.

The Smithsonian Museum in Washington is presently exhibiting wide selections of Herzfeld’s drawings, notes, and photographs. This collection presented under the name “Heart of an Empire: Herzfeld’s Discovery of Pasargadae” can be visited till 31 July 2016 at the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.

It is a unique opportunity to access these first-hand views and insights from nearly a century ago.

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