Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Dragiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum OR Termez, Afghanistan) - 328 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria on the Indus - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Tuesday, February 27, 2018

At last, the Palace of Aegae reopens to the public.

The opening date of the thoroughly restored Palace of Aegae has been set for May 2018.

The project was started in 2007 and after encouraging updates in 2012 (see: The latest news about the Palace of Aegae) and in 2016 (see: The Royal Palace of Vergina to reopen soon) the true splendour of Philip’s royal palace will be revealed very soon now.


It has taken stonemasons countless hours to patiently reassemble almost thirty columns belonging to the palace’s courtyard and façade. The peristyle promises to be exceptionally spectacular since sixteen columns and the frieze on the south side have been reconstructed to a height of eight meters offering a unique picture of the palace.

Overall, the walls of the palace have been restored to a height of 1.6 meters, which will help us to mentally recreate the feeling of the interior. Moreover, the mosaics that have not yet been moved to the nearby museum will remain in situ. They include, beside the simpler patterns, the mythological rape of Europa and several scenes of nature. It remains uncertain whether the grand round mosaic floor of the Tholos at the Palace entrance will be exposed to daylight also.

Using ancient techniques, craftsmen have hand-cut a huge number of blocks measuring on average 100x70x50 centimetres to shore up the palace foundations.

It is most unfortunate that many of the original blocks as exposed by the French excavators in the 19th century have been reused by local settlers since – a current practice in those days.

Yet, enough remains of the Palace’s upper floor that ran over the entire length of the entrance (the so-called Propylon) have been moved to the Museum of Vergina to reconstruct a 30-meter section of the colonnade. This reconstruction and more will be made available to the visitors in another two years’ time (2020).

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