Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Dragiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum OR Termez, Afghanistan) - 328 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene / Alexandria on the Indus (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Sunday, November 13, 2016

Euromos, just a bowshot away

Several years ago, while driving down from Kusadasi to Milas I was intrigued by a signpost pointing towards Euromos. I had never heard of this city that showed on my map with three dots, typically telling me these were ruins of some kind.

I was in for a shock when this bunch of tall Corinthian columns rose up from a clearing amidst the pine trees. I was utterly speechless and dying to know more about this hidden treasure!

As it turned out, these columns belonged to a temple dedicated to Zeus, which with its 17 columns still standing is one of the best-preserved temples in Anatolia!

Wind and weather had definitely left their marks on this building dating from the 2nd century BC. As so often, I was the only visitor but I had a ball stepping onto the crepidoma of the temple, trying to figure out its layout and the sacred cella. I even found a strange relief of a double ax, which I learned, later on, belonged to the Carian Zeus.

Since 2011, excavations have started again at Euromos. These will involve cleaning of the blackened columns but also a more extensive analysis of the site. There are still many blocks pertaining to this temple lying around and they hope to use them for a better understanding of this wonderful place.

When I walked away from the temple, there was very little else to see, except for a few tiers from what must have been the theater and a flat that could have been the agora with a round tower. In recent years, more excavation work has been carried out exposing more of the theater and the agora, but also a bath and some city walls.

As usual, the purpose of these restorations is to draw more tourists to the area but for me, nothing can replace that very first approach simply frozen in time!

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