Chandragupta’s death did not mean the end of the Mauryan Empire, which was to flourish for another four centuries. The most famous ruler was to be his grandson, Asoka, but we cannot ignore the binding role played by his son Bindusara.
Bindusara came to the throne in 297 BC, and this was six years after the death of Seleucos but the friendly relations between the Seleucid empire and the Mauryan empire were not interrupted. In 280 BC, Seleucos I had been replaced by his son Antiochus I while Megasthenes, his ambassador at the Mauryan court was replaced by Deimachos. Unfortunately, very few of the new envoy’s records have survived.
There are some speculations that Bindusara’s mother might have been Greek or even Macedonian based on the fact that his father had made a marriage alliance with Seleucos. Yet there is no hard proof for this theory.
There is, however, an interesting anecdote worth to be mentioned about the relation between Bindusara and Antiochus, whether it is true or not. Nothing being sweeter than figs, Bindusara apparently begged Antiochus to send him some figs and while he was at it, some raisin wine as well; he added that he would like him to buy and send him a professor. The irony of the situation cannot have escaped Antiochus who sent him the figs and the wine, but told Bindusara that he could not oblige him with his last wish since it was unlawful for Greeks to sell a professor.
Otherwise, nothing much has been recorded about the reign of Bindusara but he seems to have walked in his father’s footsteps and worked on consolidating his empire rather than expanding
further. It also transpires that Chanakya, the famous and highly competent minister of Chandragupta continued to serve his son with the same dedication. India
It is certain, however, that Bindusara maintained the peace during his 25 years of kingship and managed to keep the empire together for his son, Asoka. He died in 272 BC at the age of 48.
All these events, it should be said, evolved at a time when the wars of succession for Alexander’s Empire finally settled down.