Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Dragiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum OR Termez, Afghanistan) - 328 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene / Alexandria on the Indus (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Monday, June 6, 2016

Aristotle’s 2,400th birthday with an appropriate celebration

The news has not been confirmed yet, but Greek archaeologists have strong indications that they have discovered the tomb of Aristotle at his hometown of Stagira. What a birthday present for such a great man, who was born in 384 BC, exactly 2,400 years ago!

After some twenty years of painstaking excavations at Stagira where the philosopher was born, archaeologists are almost certain to have found his tomb in a domed vault near the ancient agora. The vault has a square marble floor dating from Hellenistic times as indicated by coins of Alexander the Great and ceramics that were found inside. Outside the tomb that is situated in an ideal spot with a panoramic view along the road to the agora, archaeologists also found an altar as referred to in ancient texts.

The location of Aristotles tomb in Stagira may come as a surprise since he died at Chalcis on the island of Euboea in 322 BC, just one year after the death of his most famous pupil, Alexander the Great. Ancient sources seem to indicate that the ashes of the philosopher were brought back by the people of Stagira to his hometown.

Besides being a philosopher in his own right making large contributions to logic, metaphysics, mathematics, ethics, politics, agriculture, medicine, biology and botany, Aristotle was himself a pupil of Plato in Athens who in turn was a pupil of Socrates. It was Philip II of Macedonia who invited Aristotle to become a tutor of his son, Alexander.

At this stage, a team of independent archaeologists will examine the site and hopefully confirm that this tomb is indeed Aristotle's last resting place.

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