Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Dragiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum OR Termez, Afghanistan) - 328 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene / Alexandria on the Indus (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Monday, August 3, 2015

One illusion less to find Alexander’s descendants among the Kalash

It has been widely debated whether or not the Kalash Tribe in Pakistan are descendants of Alexander the Great’s army. Pros and cons have been discussed in a previous blog: The Kalash, a lost tribe of Alexander the Great?

[Picture from Les Alans]

In a recent study by British, Italian and Pakistani scientists, DNA samples of 23 Kalash people living in three different valleys have been collected and analyzed to be compared with the DNA of ancient hunter-gatherers and European farmers. The result shows that the Kalash have a closest affinity with hunter-gatherers from Siberia, meaning that they are from northern Eurasian origin. This widely contradicts an earlier analysis according to which a genetic miscegenation between Kalash and western Eurasian had occurred, which led to the association of this tribe with Alexander the Great.

I cannot judge whether this latest analysis should be more reliable than the previous one. For now, I would simply put another question mark to this theory. Maybe in the future there will be more substantial evidence.

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