Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Dragiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum OR Termez, Afghanistan) - 328 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria on the Indus - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Wednesday, February 15, 2012

Sensational archeological find near Milas

Every day new archaeological discoveries are being made, either in Turkey or anywhere else in the World. Most of them never reach the news, illegal finds immediately disappear in the obscure circuits of the black market, while legal finds are simply moved to the storehouses of the museums. But from time to time there are exceptions, like this grave that was unearthed in the summer of 2010.

It all started apparently with illegal diggings, but when faced with an impressive sarcophagus the find could no longer be hushed and the appropriate archaeological services were called in. This happened in Zeus-Karios, near Milas, only miles away from Bodrum – well relatively speaking, of course.

[picture from the Hurriyet Daily News]

Mylasa as Milas was called in antiquity, was known for its sanctuary dedicated to Zeus-Karios, a god honored by the Carians, Lydians and the Mysians alike according to Herodotus. In later years Strabo confirmed this brotherly sharing of the god by the Lydians and the Mysians.

So now they found this sizable sarcophagus made as early as 390 BC for King Hecatomnos, nobody less than the father of King Mausolos – yes the one from the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (i.e. today’s Bodrum). Such exciting news! Archaeologists are talking about one of the most important discoveries in modern times and they are already comparing it with the sarcophagus of Alexander the Great from Sidon which is now on display at the Museum in Istanbul – and that is no nonsense.

The measurements alone are more than impressive, 2.75 meter long by 1.85 meter wide – it’s huge! This sarcophagus evidently needs cleaning and more analysis is required, but I can hardly wait to see it for myself! Meanwhile we have to be contend with a few rare pictures as seen on this link.

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