Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Dragiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum OR Termez, Afghanistan) - 328 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria on the Indus - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Thursday, October 23, 2014

Questions about the head of the sphinx found in Amphipolis

While at first there were no comments about this head being found all the way inside the third chamber (12 meters from the entrance) of the Amphipolis’ tomb, archaeologists now have to admit that it is a mystery.

[Picture from The Greek Reporter]

My initial thought was looting of the tomb in antiquity that would have displaced some of the elements; another thought was that the chambers were filled with soil at some time after their construction and that the broken head (or heads) of the sphinx was used together with other rubble to fill up the rooms.

Today’s article in The Greek Reporter mentions that while removing more earth in the third chamber, archaeologists found that the limestone floor was missing some stones and that the floor looked very much as if someone had been digging there. The head of the western sphinx has not been found yet but they hope to locate it when shovelling out more dirt from this room in order to reach the narrow door of the fourth wall. 

Already plans are being made to restore the sphinx with the newly found head and parts of the wings. Archaeologists believe that the Caryatids and the Sphinxes were carved by different artists because the details of the sphinxes are finer than those of the caryatids, which were crafted from a single slab of marble.

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