Alexandria's founded by Alexander

Alexandria's founded by Alexander the Great (by year BC): 334 Alexandria in Troia (Turkey) - 333 Alexandria at Issus/Alexandrette (Iskenderun, Turkey) - 332 Alexandria of Caria/by the Latmos (Alinda, Turkey) - 331 Alexandria Mygdoniae - 331 Alexandria (Egypt) - 330 Alexandria in Areia (Herat, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria of the Prophthasia/in Drangiana/Phrada (Farah, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afghanistan) - 330 Alexandria in Caucasus (Begram, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria of the Paropanisades (Ghazni, Afghanistan) - 329 Alexandria Eschate or Ultima (Khodjend, Tajikistan) - 329 Alexandria on the Oxus (Ai-Khanoum OR Termez, Afghanistan) - 328 Alexandria in Margiana (Merv, Turkmenistan) - 326 Alexandria Nicaea (on the Hydaspes, India) - 326 Alexandria Bucephala (on the Hydaspes, India) - 325 Alexandria Sogdia - 325 Alexandria Rambacia (Bela, Pakistan) - 325 Alexandria Oreitide - 325 Alexandria in Opiene (confluence of Indus & Acesines, India) - 325 Alexandria on the Indus - 325 Alexandria Xylinepolis (Patala, India) - 325 Alexandria in Carminia (Gulashkird, Iran) - 324 Alexandria-on-the-Tigris/Antiochia-in-Susiana/Charax (Spasinou Charax on the Tigris, Iraq) - ?Alexandria of Carmahle? (Kahnu)

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Floor mosaic in the second chamber of Amphipolis’ tomb

By now the entire floor mosaic in the second chamber of the tomb at Amphipolis has been exposed, measuring 3 x 4.5 meters from wall to wall. All the parties involved agree that we are looking at The Abduction of Persephone, which seems to be related to the Macedonian royal family.

There is indeed a precedent at the Vergina Tumulus where this scene is very lively depicted on the wall of one of the tombs next to that of Philip II and conveniently named The Tomb of Persephone as there is no further indication to its occupant. Another similar scene was found on the backrest of the throne located at the Tomb of Eurydice, the grandmother of Alexander the Great and mother of King Philip II, also at Vergina/Aegae. The scene remains unchanged: Hermes leads the horse carriage with Hades abducting Persephone – in fact a way to represent how the soul was escorted to the underworld. This subject seems to pertain to the Orphic cult which was always led by the Macedonian kings.

I am particularly impressed by the figure of Hermes and the soft yellow pebbles assembled to compose his hat and cloak, a color used sparsely on frescos decorating other Macedonian tombs in the Lefkadia area, for instance. Something worth investigating. 

At this stage, two full chambers have been cleared and the doorway to a third chamber has been located. This 3D view of the Amphipolis Tomb gives a good overall idea of what has been uncovered so far.


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